Eggplant Seedling, 5pcs
Plant eggplant seedlings about 45cm (18 inches) apart in rows that are spaced at least 60cm (24 inches) apart. Eggplant plants can grow into large bushes, so providing enough space between them allows for proper air circulation and sunlight exposure.
The time to harvest eggplants from seedlings typically ranges from 10 to 12 weeks, depending on the variety and growing conditions.
Eggplant seedlings require full sunlight for optimal growth and fruit production. They need at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. If you're growing them indoors, ensure they receive 12 hours of light under a growth light.
Choose well-draining and fertile soil for your eggplant seedlings. A slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0 is ideal. Amending the soil with compost or well-rotted manure before planting will help provide essential nutrients to the growing plants.
Keep the soil consistently moist throughout the growing season. Eggplants prefer regular watering, especially during hot and dry periods. Water at the base of the plants to prevent wetting the leaves, as this can make the plant more susceptible to fungal diseases.
Eggplants benefit from a nutrient-rich soil. Before planting, incorporate a balanced fertilizer into the soil following the recommended application rates. As the eggplant seedlings grow, you can side-dress them with compost or apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer every 3-4 weeks to provide ongoing nourishment.
Regularly monitor the Electrical Conductivity (EC) and pH levels of the nutrient solution. Eggplant seedlings prefer an EC range between 1.5 to 2.5 mS/cm and a pH range of 5.8 to 6.8. Adjust the nutrient solution as needed to maintain these levels throughout the growth cycle.
While some eggplant varieties are more compact, others can grow into sprawling bushes. For larger varieties, providing support for the plants can help keep the fruit off the ground and reduce the risk of diseases. Stakes or cages are commonly used to support eggplant plants.
Eggplants don't typically require extensive pruning. However, you can remove any damaged or overcrowded leaves to improve air circulation and light penetration. Pruning can also help the plant direct its energy towards fruit development.
Keep an eye out for common eggplant pests like aphids, flea beetles, and spider mites. Regularly inspect the plants to detect any signs of diseases such as powdery mildew or bacterial wilt, and take appropriate measures to address these issues promptly.